Chandragiri Fort : There are some
interesting places in the District. Chandragiri Taluk Head
Quarters is located at a distance of 56kms from Chittoor and 11kms
from Tirupathi. This is located on the Katpadi railway line. River
Swarnamukhi flows in the south of this town. People visit the Fort
Tiruchanur : It is at a distance of
5kms from Tirupathi. There is a legend that Sage Suka spent in
meditation near the river. Mother Alivelumanga or Padmavati Temple
is here. Pilgrims who visit Tirupathi visit this place also.
Tirupati : Tirupathi is 67kms
away from Chittoor. It is one of the most renowned pilgrimage
centers in India. There is a railway station on Katpadi-Renigunta
line. There is bus connection from all the parts of the State and
neighboring states. It is a holy center for Hindus and there are
many temples and holy places. The historic Venkateswara Temple is
here. It is a complex of Seven hills. The Pallava dynasty,
Tanjavur Cholas, Madhura Pandyas and Vijayanagara rulers competed
in worshipping this Lord. Not only that, they flooded it with
riches for improving it. This temple is a representative of
Dravida sculpture. The Ananda Nilayam of the Sanctum Sanctorum is
coated with gold.
places like Papa Vinasanam, Konda Kalva, Akasaganga, Gogarbham and
Pandarateertham are here. Govindaraja Swami temple, Kondandarama
temple and Kapileswara temple also are there in Tirupathi. It's not
only a pilgrimage center but also a center of education, culture and
Sanitarium : Sanitarium is at a
distance of 13kms from Madanapalli. It is at a height of 7-10
meters from sea level. It is a health resort. The TB Sanitarium is
one of the biggest of such centers in the State.
Rishivalley : Rishivalley is 6kms
away from Madanapalli. It was established in 1950. This valley is
adjacent to Rishikonda and a residential school is established here.
It is recognized by the Government of India. Horsily hills are at a
distance of 16kms from Madanapalli. It is developed as a summer
resort. The height of the hill is 1266 meters. An English Civil
officer called Horsily made this place his summer resort in 1870.
The guest houses built by him are still here. There is a 7km ghat
Nagari : It is on the River of
Kusaphali banks. Once upon a time kusa or darbha was plenty here.
So the river got the name Kusaphali.
Narayanavanam : It is 5kms from
Puttur. There is Kalyana Venkateswara Temple on the east of River
Aruna. The legend says that Akasaraju, the father of Goddess
Padmavati ruled the area. There is a beautiful waterfall
Kailasanatha Kona within a short distance from Puttur.
Srikalahasti : Srikalahasti is at
a distance of 108km from Chittoor and 38kms from Tirupathi. Sri
means spider, Kala is a snake and Hasti is an elephant. Once upon
a time these three animals worshipped Lord Siva and attained
Moksha. The Linga here appeared before them and the symbols of the
above three are seen on the Linga. Pallava Kings constructed the
temples and compounds here. Chola, Pandya and Local Yadava Kings
developed this and Srikrishna Devraya built 100 pillar canopy and
tower in 1516.
Talakona : Talakona is 56kms from
Tirupathi. Talakona waterfalls are located in Nerabailu village. It
is the porch of the seven hills of Tirupathi. There is a waterfall
called Siddhodhara Tirdha. The river waters start from Veyitangala
Kona at a distance of 11kms in the hills.
Kanipakam : Varasiddhi Vinayaka
Temple is located in the Kanipakam Temple. It is one of the holy
places in the district. People from all over the state come here.
Reddemmakonda : The Chief deity
here is Mother Goddess Reddamma. It is near Gurramkonda Mandal
center. It is believed that people get rid of their sins here.
People from all corners of the State visit this place. Devotees
believe that couples without issues will be blessed with offspring.
Rivers : There are no big rivers
in the district. The rivers in the north flow to north and the
rivers on the south flow towards east. Papagni, Pinalba, Koundinya,
Palar, Arani, Swaranamukhi, Bahuda and Kalyani are the small rivers,
Papagni originate in Karnataka and flows through Chittoor to turn to
Anantapur. Pincha is born in Punganur Mandal in Avulapalli forests
and flows through Punganur and Vayalpad to join the River Bahuda in
Cuddapah. Swarnamukhi is born in Chandragiri Hills and flows through
the valley between Chandragiri and Tirupathi and reaches
Srikalahasti. From there it enters Nellore District and joins the
sea of Siddavaram. River Bahuda flows from Horsily hills and flows
through Vayalpad and joins the River Penna in Cuddapah.
District : Climate : The climate is
dry and conducive to life. From December to January the weather is
dry and cool. The average rainfall is 908.1mm. Rainfall decreases
from east to west. As per 1992-93 statistics south-west monsoon
accounted for 278mm. North east monsoon for 354mm.
Agriculture and Industries :
The lands in the District are divided into red, black and
mixed soil types. Clay soil mixed with red and black and only clay
lands. Red soil is with pebbles. Paddy is grown in these fields.
Fruit orchards are cultivated in clay soil. Since the district is
near moderns there is industrial atmosphere in main towns.
Industrial estates area busy. These were 83 heavy industries with
86, 855 investments in 1993. This District is famous for the art
of dyeing. Sandalwood dolls made of real sandal wood. These is a
center for collecting handicraft articles in Tirupathi. There are
Nutrine confectionery, Madanapalli Spinning Mills Limited,
Ceramics Limited, Avanti Leather Limited and Pioneer Ali casting
Literacy : Literacy movement was
started in this district first. Chittoor District which has 43.4%
literacy was intended to be made into a district of hundred percent
literacy and so Akshara Tapasman programme was inaugurated on 2nd
October, 1990. 70 thousand volunteers offered their services to make
6,06,193 children and people between the ages of 9-35 literate.
Interest in education increased because of this. Foreigners also
praised this program along with Stage and Central Governments.